From Many, One examines the Calles government’s attempts to centralize control over education in the U.S.-Mexican borderlands region and to transform its rural and indigenous inhabitants into more “mainstream” Mexicans. Calles’ nation-building programs met with varying degrees of success. Not surprisingly, his new educational policies sparked a good deal of backlash among those affected. Andrae Marak’s analysis focuses on three main incidents which caused the most contention: the establishment of frontier schools along the border in order to promote nationalism and protect against the onslaught of U.S. cultural and economic imperialism; the takeover of state primary schools by government inspectors in Chihuahua; and the government’s indigenous assimilation program, which aimed to integrate numerous culturally distinct groups into a monocultural Mexican nation.
Andrae Marak is assistant professor of history and political science at California University of Pennsylvania and an associate of the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Pittsburg.